Chains and belts are the most common methods to get power from the engine on a motorcycle to a wheel. Some bikes do use drive shafts, but that is less common. Here's a look at these methods motorcycles use to get a ride down the road.
WHICH CAME FIRST
Belts drove the first motorcycles. Heavy duty leather was mounted to a large pulley. Today, that sounds close to impossible, but early motorcycles were not the power plants we ride today.